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Additional Information ›




Common Skin Conditions

Acne
Acne is one of the most common skin problems among people of all age, ranging from a few blackheads or whiteheads to severe cysts.

Acne is a disorder of the sebaceous oil glands that results in plugged pores and outbreaks of lesions commonly called pimples. Acne usually occurs on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders.

Many different factors contribute to Acne development, including emotional stress, heredity, hormonal changes, overactive oil glands, bacteria infection, and clogged pores.

Treatment of acne
Liquid cleansers are better to care for acne-prone skin since liquids are less likely to clog pores. Glycolic Acid can help cleanse and exfoliate the skin, as it keeps the pores clear.

Over the counter products such as Benzoyl Peroxide and Salicylic Acid products are adequate for mild cases of blackheads or a few pimples. A topical antibiotic or prescribed cream may be necessary for moderate to severe acne cases of having too many pimples and deep cysts.

Women using birth control pills may occasionally experience hormonal flare-ups of acne. It is also necessary to use a broad-spectrum minimum of SPF 30 sunscreen while taking acne medication

Scarring effects

The action of squeezing and scrubbing to remove acne will only aggravate the inflammations, by spreading bacteria and leaving a bruise or permanent scar. Acne is not a serious health problem but severe acne can lead to permanent scarring that is not socially acceptable for people who suffer the disorder.



Dry skin
It is a common skin condition during the winter months, and that occurs mainly in dry  environment.  The skin is itchy with flaky patches and rashes, especially on the exposed body parts. For washing, use a mild soap to help the skin retain its natural moisture, and apply a good cream or skin lotion after bath or shower to hold in the moisture. In addition, it is recommended to use an emollient cream to hydrate, replenish and restore your skin textures. For persistently itchy, red, or rash, visit a dermatologist, who may recommend a prescription cream.



Eczema
Eczema is a medical condition that causes the skin to be inflamed and irritated with itchy red patches and bumps on the body. It affects mostly children and those who develop the condition outgrow it in their second year. While some people continue to experience the symptom throughout their adult life.

Eczema is normally caused by genetic factors, a dry environment, and allergic skin reactions to pet or irritations to household chemicals and detergents. Stress may also worsen the reaction.

Preventing flare-ups
Skin with eczema is sensitive to drying out. The best way to prevent this water loss is to keep the moisture in with an emollient cream.

Managing Eczema
  • Moisturize frequently with a fragrance-free lotion.
  • Avoid changes in temperature or humidity.
  • Avoid sweating or overheating.
  • Avoid scratchy and allergic materials, such as wool and nylon, polyester.
  • Avoid harsh soaps, detergents and solvents.
  • Avoid allergic factors (chemical, pollen, mold, dust mites, and animal dander)
  • Avoid any allergic foods cause an outbreak.

Eczema does not have a cure, but you can effectively manage it to prevent future outbreaks. If adverse symptoms persist despite precautions, a dermatologist may prescribe a prescription-strength medication.


Melasma
It is a darkening of the skin on the face caused by excessive production of melanin, the pigment that causes the skin to tan. Melasma symptoms are large patches across the cheeks in women and few men.

This condition is due to a combination of heredity, sun exposure, and hormonal changes in women. Melasma often occurs during normal pregnancy and can be triggered by the use of birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy. Melasma is more prevalent skin condition that occurs in women, and it seems to be common in people with light brown skin, Hispanics and Asians.

Melasma severity depends on how much facial skin is discolored and how darker the skin has become. Melasma occurs on the skin that is exposed to the sun. Prolonged exposure to the sun will further darken melasma.

A strict regimen of sunscreen and a prescription bleaching cream can help to fade the uneven complexion:

  • Daily exfoliation to remove the scale to improve cells replacement and lifting the discoloration.
  • Using a hydroquinone-lightening agent over your entire face to help spread evenly the medication for skin-deep action.
  • Use a UVA-protective sun block that contains either zinc oxide or avobenzone. 



Moles
Moles are usually harmless concentrations of pigment that tend to occur in fair skinned people. They can occur on the face, the scalp, palms, and soles. Moles can be flat or bumpy, light or dark color.

It’s important to get a complete medical skin examination once a year. Examine your own skin monthly to detect any new or changing pattern moles. Follow the ABC’s rules for suspicious moles: Asymmetry (uneven shape), Border (irregular edges), Color (changing tone for darker color), Diameter (larger than a pencil eraser), Elevation (bumpy).

You should have a dermatologist examine for new or changing pattern moles.



Rosacea
It is an inflammatory disorder with persistent flushing, blushing or redness sensation similar to a severe sunburn on the face. Rosacea also produces rosy bumps, pimples on the nose, forehead, cheeks, and chin and may also occur on other parts of the body.

People can have skin condition with overactive oil glands and large pores, and a thickening of the skin may result in enlarged capillary veins, especially across the nose and cheeks. Symptoms of Rosacea can come and go, accompanied by periods of remission.

It usually appears in people with fair skin, and it tends to be a hereditary condition. Treatments may include good topical cream and/or oral antibiotics. It’s recommended to avoid hot and spicy foods that cause the skin to flush.



Sunburn
It is first-degree burn of the outer layer of skin. Sunburn occurs when the epidermis (top layers of the skin) are exposed for an extended period to the sun or to ultraviolet light without protective clothing or sun-cream and become red inflamed. The tender, red skin, exhaustion, heatstroke and blisters usually appear a few hours after long sun exposure.

To treat sunburn, apply soothing lotions with aloe vera to burned areas, steroids such as hydrocortisone cream relieve with sunburn pain and swelling. Frequent cool showers and cool cloths also help ease the pain and replenish dehydrated skin.

After sun exposure, it’s key to keep skin moisturized to prevent peeling and itching. The best way to deal with sunburn is to prevent it. Always wear sunscreen with minimum SPF 30, preferably one with zinc oxide. Wear a hat and a protective covering at the beach, and avoid staying outdoors for extended periods when the sun is strongest, between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.



Skin Cancer
It is the result of heredity and/or long exposure to the sun. It’s imperative to take precautions at any age since damages of the sun on skin are cumulative. Skin cancer can happen anywhere on the body, frequently it appears on the face, arms, neck and legs, but are most prevalent on sun-exposed areas that get the most exposure to the sun.

There are three types of skin cancer: Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, and the more dangerous malignant melanoma.

Skin cancer occurs as a changing mole, small bump or a persistently flaky area. New or changing growth pattern or non-healing sore must be examined by a physician.

People living in sunny climates or those routinely exposed to sunlight and predisposed with a history of skin cancer in their families are at high risk. Be sure to have your skin examined once a year by a dermatologist.



Skin Pigmentation
Your skin is made up of several layers of cells. The top layers are called the epidermis. The bottom layer of the epidermis contains cells called melanocytes, which produce melanin. Melanin is the pigment that gives color to the hair and skin, and it provides protection for the skin against UV rays.

A person's basic skin color is genetically determined by the amount and distribution of melanin, but there are several factors that can affect skin color, including the number of melanocytes and how much melanin they produce.

Exposure to the sun results in skin darkening, or tanning. The UV light causes hormones and growth factors to be released that stimulate the production of melanin. UV light also stimulates the melanocytes to multiply, thereby also increasing the amount of melanin produced.

The body's response of increasing melanin is a protective measure. The melanin acts as your body's natural sunscreen to reduce the amount of UV rays that can penetrate through the epidermal layers and cause DNA damage, which can lead to cancer.



Hyperpigmentation
The human skin constitutes several layers of cells. The top layers are the epidermis and the bottom layers of the epidermis that contains cells called melanocytes that produce melanin.
Melanin is the pigment that provides the color characteristics to the hair and skin tone.

Hyperpigmentation is the discoloration of the skin, with uneven complexion and dark spots or areas. It happens when the number of melanocytes cells increased or the existing melanocytes produces more melanin.

Several factors that affect the skin, including heredity, hormones and sun exposure, can cause hyperpigmentation condition. A common hyperpigmentation is freckles, which increase when the skin is chronically exposed to the sun. A combination of sun exposure and increased hormone levels can set the stage for melasma.



Sun Spots
The sun and brown spots (liver spots) are caused by routine daily sun exposure. People usually get them on their faces, nose and cheeks or in other areas. The spots tend to get darker in the summer, and they often fade away in the winter. A good sunscreen protection will prevent them from getting darker, and bleaching creams can fade them away.



Wrinkles
Normally the estrogen hormone stimulates the skin to produce collagen. This helps to keep skin texture firm and smooth. With menopause, the production of estrogen and progesterone (the female hormones) is greatly reduced. As estrogen levels fall, the skin produces less collagen and that leads to fine lines, wrinkles and easy bruising. The skin would lose 30% of its collagen within the first years after menopause. This normally happens to the female population between the ages of 40-55.  Also with age, the skin sebaceous glands secrete less oil. This will aggravate the dry skin problem.It is strongly recommended to use a good emollient with super antioxidants to help reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and diminish the creases. Over times, a good anti-wrinkle cream will restore, repair and rejuvenate the wilted skin, while the necessary ingredients will help refine the skin texture and stimulate the skin’s natural renewal process.